HermesPy contains numerous submodules implementing algorithms, concepts and models published in peer-reviewed mediums.

The following list provides an overview over all references:


Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); Deployment aspects. 3GPP, 2016. version 13.0.0 Release 13. URL:


Physical Channels and Modulation. ETSI, 07 2018. Version 15.2.0 Release 15. URL:

[{3GPP TSG-RAN}20]

Study on channel model for frequencies from 0.5 to 100 GHz. 3GPP TSG-RAN, 2020. version 17.0.0 Release 17. URL:


Jan Adler, Tobias Kronauer, and André Noll Barreto. HermesPy: An Open-Source Link-Level Evaluator for 6G. IEEE Access, 10():120256–120273, 2022. doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2022.3222063.


S.M. Alamouti. A simple transmit diversity technique for wireless communications. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 16(8):1451–1458, 1998. doi:10.1109/49.730453.


Erdal Arikan. Channel polarization: a method for constructing capacity-achieving codes for symmetric binary-input memoryless channels. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 55(7):3051–3073, 2009. doi:10.1109/TIT.2009.2021379.


Henrik Asplund, Andres Alayon Glazunov, Andreas F. Molisch, Klaus I. Pedersen, and Martin Steinbauer. The cost 259 directional channel model-part ii: macrocells. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 5(12):3434–3450, 2006. doi:10.1109/TWC.2006.256967.


L. Bahl, J. Cocke, F. Jelinek, and J. Raviv. Optimal decoding of linear codes for minimizing symbol error rate (corresp.). IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 20(2):284–287, 1974. doi:10.1109/TIT.1974.1055186.


M. S. Bartlett. Periodogram analysis and continuous spectra. Biometrika, 37(1/2):1–16, 1950. URL: (visited on 2022-06-28).


Christian Bayer, Håkon Hoel, Erik von Schwerin, and Raúl Tempone. On Non-Asymptotic Optimal Stopping Criteria in Monte Carlo Simulations. SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing, 36(2):A869–A885, 2014. doi:10.1137/130911433.


C. Berrou, A. Glavieux, and P. Thitimajshima. Near shannon limit error-correcting coding and decoding: turbo-codes. 1. In Proceedings of ICC '93 - IEEE International Conference on Communications, volume 2, 1064–1070 vol.2. 1993. doi:10.1109/ICC.1993.397441.


R. C. Bose and Dwijendra K. Ray-Chaudhuri. On a class of error correcting binary group codes. Inf. Control., 3:68–79, 1960.


F. Burkhardt, S. Jaeckel, E. Eberlein, and R. Prieto-Cerdeira. Quadriga: a mimo channel model for land mobile satellite. In The 8th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP 2014), volume, 1274–1278. 2014. doi:10.1109/EuCAP.2014.6902008.


J. Capon. High-resolution frequency-wavenumber spectrum analysis. Proceedings of the IEEE, 57(8):1408–1418, 1969. doi:10.1109/PROC.1969.7278.


A. Cassagne, O. Hartmann, M. Léonardon, K. He, C. Leroux, R. Tajan, O. Aumage, D. Barthou, T. Tonnellier, V. Pignoly, B. Le Gal, and C. Jégo. Aff3ct: a fast forward error correction toolbox! Elsevier SoftwareX, 10:100345, October 2019. URL:, doi:


A. Chorti and M. Brookes. A spectral model for rf oscillators with power-law phase noise. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, 53(9):1989–1999, 2006. doi:10.1109/TCSI.2006.881182.


Arsenia Chorti and Mike Brookes. Resolving near-carrier spectral infinities due to 1/f phase noise in oscillators. In 2007 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - ICASSP '07, volume 3, III–1005–III–1008. 2007. doi:10.1109/ICASSP.2007.366852.


Robert G. Gallager. Low-density parity-check codes. 1963.


G. Ganesan and P. Stoica. Space-time block codes: a maximum snr approach. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 47(4):1650–1656, 2001. doi:10.1109/18.923754.


IEEE. IEEE standard for telecommunications and information exchange between systems - LAN/MAN specific requirements - Part 11: wireless medium access control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications: high speed physical layer in the 5 GHz band. IEEE Std 802.11a-1999, 1999. doi:10.1109/IEEESTD.1999.90606.


Stephan Jaeckel, Kai Borner, Lars Thiele, and Volker Jungnickel. A geometric polarization rotation model for the 3-d spatial channel model. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 60(12):5966–5977, 2012. doi:10.1109/TAP.2012.2214017.


Stephan Jaeckel, Leszek Raschkowski, Kai Börner, and Lars Thiele. Quadriga: a 3-d multi-cell channel model with time evolution for enabling virtual field trials. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 62(6):3242–3256, 2014. doi:10.1109/TAP.2014.2310220.


Leanoard Kahn. Ratio squarer. Proceedings of the IRE, 42(11):1698–1704, 1954. doi:10.1109/JRPROC.1954.274666.


M. Reza Khanzadi, Dan Kuylenstierna, Ashkan Panahi, Thomas Eriksson, and Herbert Zirath. Calculation of the performance of communication systems from measured oscillator phase noise. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, 61(5):1553–1565, 2014. doi:10.1109/TCSI.2013.2285698.


Adnan Kiayani, Muhammad Zeeshan Waheed, Lauri Anttila, Mahmoud Abdelaziz, Dani Korpi, Ville Syrjälä, Marko Kosunen, Kari Stadius, Jussi Ryynänen, and Mikko Valkama. Adaptive nonlinear rf cancellation for improved isolation in simultaneous transmit–receive systems. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 66(5):2299–2312, 2018. doi:10.1109/TMTT.2017.2786729.


C. Knapp and G. Carter. The generalized correlation method for estimation of time delay. IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, 24(4):320–327, 1976. doi:10.1109/TASSP.1976.1162830.


E. Meijering. A chronology of interpolation: from ancient astronomy to modern signal and image processing. Proceedings of the IEEE, 90(3):319–342, 2002. doi:10.1109/5.993400.


Andreas F. Molisch, Henrik Asplund, Ralf Heddergott, Martin Steinbauer, and Thomas Zwick. The cost259 directional channel model-part i: overview and methodology. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 5(12):3421–3433, 2006. doi:10.1109/TWC.2006.256966.


Ali A. Nasir, Salman Durrani, Hani Mehrpouyan, Steven D. Blostein, and Rodney A. Kennedy. Timing and carrier synchronization in wireless communication systems: a survey and classification of research in the last 5 years. EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, 2016(1):180, 2016. doi:10.1186/s13638-016-0670-9.


A. Nimr, M. Chafii, M. Matthe, and G. Fettweis. Extended GFDM framework: OTFS and GFDM comparison. In IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM), volume. 2018. doi:10.1109/GLOCOM.2018.8647704.


Ch. Rapp. Effects of HPA-nonlinearity on a 4-DPSK/OFDM-signal for a digital sound broadcasting system. In Second European Conf. on Sat. Comm., 22. - 24.10.91, Liege, Belgium., 179–184. 1991. URL:


I. S. Reed and G. Solomon. Polynomial codes over certain finite fields. Journal of the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, 8(2):300–304, 1960. URL:, arXiv:, doi:10.1137/0108018.


Hermann Rohling. Radar cfar thresholding in clutter and multiple target situations. IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, AES-19(4):608–621, 1983. doi:10.1109/TAES.1983.309350.


A.A.M. Saleh. Frequency-independent and frequency-dependent nonlinear models of TWT amplifiers. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 29(11):1715–1720, November 1981. doi:10.1109/TCOM.1981.1094911.


T.M. Schmidl and D.C. Cox. Robust frequency and timing synchronization for ofdm. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 45(12):1613–1621, 1997. doi:10.1109/26.650240.


E. Sharon, S. Litsyn, and J. Goldberger. An efficient message-passing schedule for LDPC decoding. In 2004 23rd IEEE Convention of Electrical and Electronics Engineers in Israel, volume, 223–226. 2004. doi:10.1109/EEEI.2004.1361130.


Christian Sturm, Thomas Zwick, and Werner Wiesbeck. An ofdm system concept for joint radar and communications operations. In VTC Spring 2009 - IEEE 69th Vehicular Technology Conference, volume, 1–5. 2009. doi:10.1109/VETECS.2009.5073387.


Ido Tal and Alexander Vardy. List decoding of polar codes. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 61(5):2213–2226, 2015. doi:10.1109/TIT.2015.2410251.


A. Viterbi. Error bounds for convolutional codes and an asymptotically optimum decoding algorithm. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 13(2):260–269, April 1967. doi:10.1109/TIT.1967.1054010.


Chengshan Xiao, Yahong Rosa Zheng, and Norman C. Beaulieu. Novel sum-of-sinusoids simulation models for rayleigh and rician fading channels. IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 5(12):3667–3679, 2006. doi:10.1109/TWC.2006.256990.


Kai Yu, M. Bengtsson, B. Ottersten, D. McNamara, P. Karlsson, and M. Beach. A wideband statistical model for nlos indoor mimo channels. In Vehicular Technology Conference. IEEE 55th Vehicular Technology Conference. VTC Spring 2002 (Cat. No.02CH37367), volume 1, 370–374 vol.1. 2002. doi:10.1109/VTC.2002.1002729.


3GPP TSG-RAN. 3GPP TR 25.943 v6.0.0; Deployment aspects. 2004.